What Is PGPR In Food?

Are you curious to know what is PGPR in food? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about PGPR in food in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is PGPR in food?

In today’s food industry, you may encounter various abbreviations and ingredients that raise questions. One such abbreviation is PGPR, which stands for Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate. It is an emulsifier used in the production of chocolate and other confectionery products. In this blog, we will explore what PGPR is, its role in food, its safety, and its impact on the products you consume.

What Is PGPR In Food?

PGPR, Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate, is an emulsifier, a type of food additive used to blend ingredients that would naturally separate. In the context of food, PGPR is primarily used in the production of chocolate and chocolate-based products. Its purpose is to improve the texture, viscosity, and overall quality of chocolate by assisting in the even distribution of cocoa particles and cocoa butter.

The Role Of PGPR In Food:

  1. Texture Improvement: One of the primary functions of PGPR in chocolate is to enhance its texture. It helps in reducing the viscosity of the chocolate, making it easier to work with in various applications.
  2. Fat Reduction: PGPR can reduce the amount of cocoa butter needed in chocolate production, potentially reducing production costs. This is especially useful when cocoa butter prices are high.
  3. Stability: PGPR contributes to the stability of chocolate by preventing the separation of cocoa solids from cocoa butter, which can occur during storage or melting.
  4. Flow Properties: In chocolate coatings for confectionery items, such as candy bars or coatings for ice cream bars, PGPR improves the flow properties, ensuring a smooth and uniform coating.

Safety And Regulatory Approval:

The use of PGPR in food products is regulated and approved by food safety authorities, such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). It is generally considered safe when used within specified limits.

The Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for PGPR is set by these regulatory bodies, ensuring that the consumption of this emulsifier remains well within safe levels. As with any food additive, it’s crucial for manufacturers to follow guidelines and use PGPR responsibly.

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Consumer Considerations:

  1. Allergies: If you have known allergies to soy or other ingredients, it’s essential to check the label of the product. Some forms of PGPR are derived from soybean oil, which may pose a concern for those with soy allergies.
  2. Chocolate Products: If you’re concerned about PGPR in your chocolate products, consider seeking out chocolate labeled as “pure” or “artisan,” which typically contains fewer additives.
  3. Moderate Consumption: While PGPR is considered safe, it’s still a food additive. As with any food, moderation is key to a balanced and healthy diet.


Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate, or PGPR, is a food additive primarily used in chocolate production. It serves to improve the texture and stability of chocolate, making it easier to work with in various applications. When used within regulatory guidelines, PGPR is considered safe for consumption. If you have specific dietary concerns or allergies, it’s advisable to check product labels and opt for alternatives that align with your preferences and requirements. Remember that, like most food additives, PGPR is best enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.


Does PGPR Effect Humans?

Acute oral toxicity of PGPR is low, and short‐term and subchronic studies indicate PGPR is tolerated at high doses without adverse effects.

What Is PGPR In Hershey Bar?

Polyglycerol polyricinoleate, more commonly known as PGPR, is an emulsifier that is made from castor beans, soybeans or sunflower seeds. It’s used in cooking oils and fats, spreads, low fat dressings, ice cream, and flour. In the confectionery industry, it is used to improve the consistency of chocolate.

When Did Hersheys Start Using PGPR?

Starting in 2006, Hershey has added polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) to their chocolate, except for the traditional plain milk chocolate Hershey’s Kisses.

Does Mars Use PGPR?

Since 2006, manufacturers, including Hershey and Mars, have increasingly been using PGPR as a much-cheaper substitute for some of the cocoa butter in their formulations, usually together with lecithin, another emulsifier.

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